These Australian scumbag thug police are apparently trying to show the Chinese Communitsts what good enforcers they can be, so they can keep their job when China formally takes over in the not-too-distant future. They should be considered traitors against their own people.
In the 1850s, a banging on a door marked the beginning of a seven-year saga that would end with a state defying the U.S. Supreme Court. That defiance continues to this day.
Joshua Glover was playing cards in his single-room, dirt-floor cabin near the shore of Lake Michigan when he heard the ruckus outside. He yelled at his companions not to open the door when the insistent banging started, but it was too late. The door was flung open and three men charged into the room. One was armed with a gun. Glover resisted, but a second man cracked him over the head with a pair of cuffs, and Glover fell to his dirt floor, bleeding profusely. The men drug him out of his home, threw him roughly into a wagon and spirited him away toward Milwaukee.
Under federal law, this kidnapping was perfectly legal.
The three men who rushed into Glover’s home that night were Deputy U.S. Marshal Charles C. Cotton, a deputy marshal by the last name Kearney and Bennami Stone Garland. Garland had in his possession an arrest warrant signed by federal judge Andrew G. Miller based on his ownership of Glover.
Joshua was a fugitive slave.
Several years earlier, he ran away from Garland’s farm near St. Louis. Under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, Garland had the absolute right to travel north and reclaim his “property.” Joshua didn’t even have the right to testify on his own behalf or present evidence to a court of law. The word of the “master” was sufficient to justify kidnapping under federal law. Anybody interfering was subject to arrest and prosecution.
Many northerners refused to accept the federal edict. Among the defiant in Milwaukee was a newspaper editor by the name of Sherman Booth. He was a staunch abolitionist, and when he got word marshals had captured an accused fugitive in nearby Racine and locked him up in the Milwaukee jail, he sprang into action.
by Mark M. Rich
Used with permission. Original URL: http://newworldwar.org/update70.htm
(Please make a donation to support Mark's crucially important work.)
Years ago I suspected that the independent media was influenced by the financial elite. After watching these organizations avoid & minimize this issue for nearly a decade, it has become abundantly obvious to me that these media groups are controlled.
It appears that some of them are being used to limit the information that reaches the portion of public that is waking up. What follows are some observations & questions about this.
The entire foundation of society is undergoing an incredible change that is effecting the military, civil institutions, families, culture, value systems, & technology. A tremendous restructuring of the military is now underway in regard to technology, organization, strategy, tactics, training, ideology, & logistics.
A military revolution of this enormity only happens rarely. This one is the biggest in our planet's history. It is being steered by a small group of wealthy psychopaths who have formed humanitarian fronts to further their objective of enslaving the planet.
These include the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), Bilderberg Group, Trilateral Commission, Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA), & a multitude of large tax-exempt foundations, all of which work in unison toward their goal.
They are almost finished conquering nations. Now they are after individuals. This new war-form signifies a transition from the traditional state-to-state version, to one that is designed to hunt down & neutralize potential individual resisters in your towns, using weapons & tactics that are nearly traceless.
If people knew what this was about they would vehemently refuse it. For this reason it needed to be done in secrecy & further hidden under the banner of nonlethality.
So far the financial elite have successfully used their media, elected officials, NGOs, & medical system to conceal it. This includes the widespread use of completely fake mental disorders such as schizophrenia & bipolar disorder. Most unfortunately, it seems that this coverup extends to the patriot/truth movement.
Discussions of martial law & UN troops invading the streets can often be heard on truth radio & seen on blogs. However, they have already seized your cities. They did not use UN troops to do this. Instead they are using your neighbors & coworkers, your friends & family, who have been recruited as warfighters in a silent war. This civil-military force has existed in the US for decades. It is now global.
Many of these patriots read government/military reports & cover emerging issues that the public is not aware of. They are often experts in history & military affairs. Some allegedly have access to sensitive information because of their connections to the intelligence field. How did they miss something of this magnitude?
Here are a few other questions:
Just like any other military campaign this should have ongoing coverage. They have reported more obvious control features of the system, but minimized or ignored this. I have given them a chance for almost 9 years. Now I realize they have been suppressing this information.
In my opinion there is no way—absolutely no way—that they are not completely aware of this. I have determined that they are actively covering-up a mechanism of the system that exists to silently destroy resisters.
The suppression of this issue by the independent media tells me two things. First, the extent of control that has been established over it. Next, how critical this issue is to the financial elite. They understand from previous dictatorships that they must use citizens to control the streets. If they lose control of the streets they are in serious trouble!
To give you an idea of how vital the coverup of this mechanism is to them, Alex Jones of the Genesis Communications Network, the unofficial leader of the truth movement, has publicly denounced it. According to him, most people who claim to be attacked are suffering from schizophrenia.
However, it is not just the high-profile leaders who are concealing this. There is another group, that, while not officially part of this movement, could be considered an outer circle of it. It consists of authors, filmmakers, podcasters, bloggers, & political figures. These are all people & organizations that you think would be the first to adequately cover this. Yet they have downplayed or ignored it.
At first I thought they just didn't know about it. I figured that after enough people contacted them & they confirmed its existence, then it would be regularly discussed on talkradio. I thought it would be seen everywhere on truth websites, & perhaps some documentaries. But that did not happen.
Myself & others have provided evidence that the financial elite have established control over education & the popular media. Would they not also be particularly interested in restraining the radio stations that their primary enemies are using to expose them?
My personal experience with the independent media has been mostly negative. When I first realized I was under attack I sent messages to some organizations with the information I had at the time. Most did not reply.
Later when I started to write, I contacted people for peer reviews who are directly or indirectly connected to this movement. I received very few responses. I also sent hardcopies of a book to some independent media & requested book reviews from groups that serve independent authors. One replied & gave a positive review. Although some of this could be explained by communications interference, I don't think all of it can.
Just as there are various phases of legitimacy to the mass media with its array of gatekeepers, some of these independent media outlets appear to be simply another deception. Although they do provide truthful information, they are ultimately used for the same purpose, which is to suppress information.
This is big. It is surely bigger than 911. Possibly it is greater than their active global eugenics program. With few exceptions, the independent media seems mostly uninterested.
In my opinion, the comprehensive suppression of an issue this large, across a wide range of independent media for an extended period, is a potent signal that these media groups are controlled.
About a decade ago I realized that I was targeted, although this has probably been going on for much longer. I am under constant surveillance. All of my communications are monitored & tampered with. I have been isolated from my friends & family who are being electronically handled when I'm around.
I am attacked with directed-energy weapons & relentlessly persecuted by a colossal network of citizens that people pretend doesn't exist.
Although I've worked on farms, I've received no employment pay since 2004. Since then I have been in various stages of financial ruin. I have been homeless since October of 2011.
Status updates which detail these attacks can be seen on my website.
It has been communicated to me on various occasions that I can continue my work in some capacity, under their control. I suspect this is an attempt to limit the information I am releasing.
They have been trying to beat me into submission while I've been putting this together. I get the impression that they wanted me handled before I figured it out, because they knew my conclusion would be inconsistent with the sanitized version that the TI leaders are promoting.
Perhaps my reaction to this mechanism of the system is uncommon, maybe even rare. I think that the level of pain that I've endured would have psychologically destroyed most people. How I was able to do this will be explained in a future biography.
I think these people encountered this faction of the system & submitted. Now they are under its control. While some leaders in the TI & truth movement were terrorized & tortured into submission, others probably complied at an early stage.
This mechanism of the system was designed to quietly neutralize people such as themselves with little trace. Yet they are simply allowed to do as they please? They are releasing documentaries & books with no trouble, giving speeches, & making appearances on mass media. At the same time they are oblivious to this &/or deny that it exists. I find this amazing.
Here are some other questions.
I do not wish for these people to be attacked. However, these are the weapons & tactics used against the new enemy. Most of these are described in government/military documentation. If they are truly a threat to the NWO they would be considered primary targets.
Some may say that they are not attacked because of their high profile & access to a wide audience. I once believed that. Now I don't. After years of study & direct experience I've determined that this part of the system is completely functional. Anyone on their way to achieve such exposure will be identified by it.
Why are these people not being attacked? And why are they ignoring this issue, minimizing it, or completely denying it?
You might think I'm separating myself from potential allies by asking these questions. That is not correct. I'm just highlighting a division that is already there. I have waited long enough. It is perfectly clear to me that these high-profile groups & people are controlled opposition.
If this level of control has truly been established over the leaders in the independent media & truth movement, how else could they be used?
Interestingly, the military uses civilian communicators to transmit PsyOp messages to a TA. These phrases, which are designed to be immediately recognized by the TA, are stealthily blended into announcements during speeches, rallies, lectures, & talkshows. Is it possible that these broadcasters & their callers are being directed to utter certain phrases during live broadcasts to attack specific members of the audience?
Surely they are reporting some shocking information. However, if they are under the system's control, what else are they hiding?
What about a fake revolution that is designed to falter? I would be very skeptical of any plan offered by these leaders to stop this tyranny. Any plan that does not consider the communications & weapons, as well as the civilian troops under the financial elite's control, will fail.
In my book I provide a theory of a wireless Human-Computer Intelligence Network (HCIN) featuring artificial intelligence (AI) that includes sensors, a distributed directed-energy weapons platform, & remote mind-reading capabilities. It transmits real-time attack instructions into individual human brains, guides swarms, & directs human nodes that interact with the TA.
I'm certain that such a wireless C4ISR system exists. It has been under development in some form since the mid 1970s by the RAND & MITRE Corporations, Sandia National Laboratories, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), & a variety of universities. Is it possible that some of these leaders are electronically handled?
They might also be used to overtly or covertly attack those such as myself who are not under the system's control.
A Republic Broadcasting Network host was used for this purpose on June 14 of this year. Because I was lied to regarding the topic of discussion, much of the preparation I did before the show was useless. Presumably, this was done to make me seem incompetent. The deception was followed-up with a variety of verbal barbs & other petty tactics on the show, which appear to have been intended to portray me as a fool, waste my time, & obstruct my message.
I'm guessing this will be regular procedure on truth radio. I can expect vicious attacks from these individuals & groups.
The financial elite know that their politicians, NGOs, media, & mental health system can no longer provide cover for this. They also realize that the independent media must cover it in order to retain credibility.
So, the TI leaders may increasingly appear on these talkshows, working with handled hosts to provide damage control. I have some ideas about how they'll be conducting this phase of the coverup, which I will describe in a future report.
I have good reason to believe that this truth movement is thoroughly infected. I would not be surprised to learn that all of the high-profile members are handled.
These patriot leaders are symbolic of freedom & righteousness. At one time I considered some of them to be my teachers. I looked up to them.
There are still certainly some brave individuals in this movement who are putting themselves at risk by exposing the system. However, if they are unwilling to acknowledge this hidden mechanism of terror, it reveals how effective it really is.
The citizens are the last defense against tyranny. From what I understand, the patriot/truth movement was their leading faction. If its leadership has been compromised then we are in peril. I am unaware of any other organization that is truly going to stop this.
Some say there is a real truth movement. That might be so. If others are developing a realistic plan to deal with this, based on an accurate understanding of the situation, then I'd be interested in working with them. However, that may not happen. They are taking no chances with me.
There is much I'll be doing on my own, however, where I know I'm making a difference. So far this has included public announcements & holding signs in the streets. In the future I may conduct my own podcast & produce a documentary.
For now I will be perfectly content to write books & articles.
Mark M. Rich
Richard Stevens, a lawyer in Washington, D.C., specializes in legal research and writing.
On December 10, 1998, world and national leaders commemorate the birthday of an impostor. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights turns 50 years old on that date. Because Americans know so little about their own Constitution and Bill of Rights, most do not know that the Universal Declaration destroys both the letter and spirit of the Bill of Rights. So when President Clinton declares that the documents are equally great statements of human rights, as he did last year, few people will protest.
The Bill of Rights, the true statement of individual rights and limited government, turns 207 on December 15, 1998. Unless Americans actively celebrate Bill of Rights Day that day, the proximity of the two anniversaries permits the Universal Declaration to shine as an international protector of rights while the Bill of Rights is largely ignored. To borrow from Gresham’s Law, “bad rights drive out good.”
The Universal Declaration does not require any government to respect any particular individual rights. Instead, it provides, according to the preamble, only a “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.” Its “standard of achievement,” however, practically obliterates Americans’ constitutional rights.
Of the roughly 34 individual rights guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights, the U.N.’s Declaration nominally protects only eight. (See Table I.) Five more rights find only partial support in the U.N. Declaration, including the prohibition of bills of attainder, the protection of citizens’ privileges and immunities while traveling or living in other states, and the protection against “arbitrary interference” with privacy, home, and family. Fully 21 other American individual rights disappear entirely. (See Table II on the next page.)
Universal Declaration Provision
|No ex post facto laws||Article 11|
|Habeas corpus (no arbitrary imprisonment)||Article 9|
|Free exercise of religion||Article 18|
|Freedom of speech and press||Article 19|
|Freedom of assembly||Article 20(1)|
|Right to life, liberty and property (“due process”)||Articles 3, 7, 11(1), 17(1), 17(2)|
|Right to public trial in criminal case||Article 10|
|No cruel and unusual punishments||Article 5|
Two witnesses required to convict person of treason
No punishment of families of person convicted of treason (corruption of blood)
No established government religion
People’s right to form citizen militias
Individual right to keep and bear arms
Prohibition on peacetime quartering of troops in private residences
Probable cause, oath, and particularity requirements for arrest warrants
Probable cause, oath, and particularity requirements for search warrants
Grand jury requirement
No “double jeopardy”
Government compensation for taking of private property for public use
Right to a speedy trial in a criminal case
Right to a trial by impartial jury in a criminal case
Right to a trial in the location where the crime occurred
Right to confront witnesses at trial
Right to require witnesses to appear in court
Right to a lawyer for defense in a criminal case
Right to a trial by jury in a common law civil case
Right to have a single jury decide a case
No excessive bail in criminal cases
No excessive fines
The U.N.’s Declaration not only fails to protect core American individual rights; it also enshrines the power to plunder. Frederic Bastiat, the French economics writer, observed that human beings can satisfy their wants either by “ceaseless labor” or by “seizing the product of others.” Government’s proper job, Bastiat said, is “to stop this fatal tendency to plunder instead of work.” The Universal Declaration runs directly contrary to any notion of a plunder-free society.
By couching itself in the language of individual rights, the Universal Declaration legitimizes the power to plunder. For example, Article 22 declares that “Everyone . . . has the right to social security.” The only way that “everyone” can have such a right is for government to force workers to pay for non-workers’ welfare and retirement funds. So the declared “right” of “everyone” to social security requires that national governments institute schemes of plunder.
Using the device of granting “rights” to “everyone,” the Universal Declaration mandates many such schemes. The Declaration grants:
the “right to work”
the right to “just and favourable conditions of work”
the right to “protection against unemployment”
the “right to just and favourable remuneration . . . supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection”
the “right to rest and leisure”
the “right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of [the individual and his family], including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services,” as well as health, employment, and disability insurance
the “right to education”
To bestow each of these “rights” on everyone the governments must decide what each citizen is entitled to, how much to spend, what private or business conduct is permitted and prohibited, and then compel the citizens to pay. Massive government intrusion into all facets of human life becomes necessary to implement these “rights” to plunder. After all the systems of compelling and plundering are installed, little can remain of the Universal Declaration’s Article 3 right to liberty and its Article 17 right to own property.
None of these plunder “rights” appears in the U.S. Constitution or Bill of Rights.
Beyond granting rights to plunder, the Universal Declaration gives governments nearly total power to dictate all aspects of human life. Article 28 states that “everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.” In other words, the people must have a large, intrusive government.
In addition, under Article 26, governments must require each citizen to accept the Universal Declaration’s big-government gospel: “Elementary education shall be compulsory [and] shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms . . . and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.”
Article 29 then imposes on all people the duty to serve the “community” within the “social order” envisioned by the Universal Declaration: “Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.” As government defines nearly all of the functions of the community within the social order, including work, leisure, education, and economic decisions, these “duties” are defined by, and owed to, the government.
Both the U.N.’s Declaration and the Bill of Rights contain “catchall” provisions. These provisions explain how governments are supposed to analyze questions about rights and powers that cannot be answered directly from the documents themselves. Nothing shows the difference between the two documents better than comparing those provisions.
Amendments 9 and 10 of the Bill of Rights instruct the government to operate within its limited powers and to leave other powers to the people. The Ninth Amendment states: “The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.” The Tenth Amendment states: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” These provisions limit federal power and leave any unexpressed powers and rights to the local governments and the people.
The Universal Declaration defaults in favor of government power. Article 29, section 2, states that individual rights and freedoms are limited by “due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.” Government, under the U.N. Declaration, defines morality, public order, and general welfare. The limitations on rights are to be “determined by law”—which in the Declaration means determined by the government. But Article 29, section 3, appears to say that the U.N. may override governments to assure that rights are properly interpreted: “These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.”
Article 30 is ominous: “Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.” This Article destroys the right to actively oppose big-government programs. It abrogates the Bill of Rights’ guarantees of free speech, press, assembly, and petition for redress of grievances. Article 30 guarantees governments the right to stop people from opposing compulsory education, taxation, social security, the minimum wage, compulsory “public service,” and any other government plunder program.
The U.N.’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights bears no similarity to the Bill of Rights. Americans should reject the attempts to lump the two documents together in one annual “human rights week.” On December 15 of each year Americans should celebrate Bill of Rights Day by learning more about their rights and teaching others. When Americans understand their precious Bill of Rights, they won’t be impressed by the United Nations’ dangerous substitute.
Congress Approves Resolution for Independence
July 2, 1776
(scene from HBO miniseries John Adams)
Video running time: 7 minutes
"The Second Day of July 1776, will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary Festival. It ought to be commemorated, as the Day of Deliverance by solemn Acts of Devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with Pomp and Parade, with Shews, Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations from one End of this Continent to the other from this Time forward forever more. You will think me transported with Enthusiasm but I am not. I am well aware of the Toil and Blood and Treasure, that it will cost Us to maintain this Declaration, and support and defend these States. Yet through all the Gloom I can see the Rays of ravishing Light and Glory. I can see that the End is more than worth all the Means. And that Posterity will tryumph in that Days Transaction, even altho We should rue it, which I trust in God We shall not."
- John Adams, July 3, 1776
The official document which we now know as "the Declaration of Independence" was approved two days later, on July 4th.
Exactly 50 years -- to the very day -- after the Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, the last two surviving founding fathers died within hours of each other. I wonder if that was a coincidence ... or Divine Providence?
When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. —That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, —That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. —Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount an payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred. to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. —And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery
Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott
William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross
Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean
Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton
George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton
William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton
Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton
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